Dersim

   Dersim is the former Kurdish name for the mountainous, isolated, present-day Turkish province of Tunceli. It is located farther west and nearer to the center of Anatolia than most of the other ethnic Kurdish provinces of Turkey. The province has a strong Alevi and Zaza-speaking population of ethnic Kurds who in the past have not necessarily supported Sunni Kurdish revolts such as those of Sheikh Said in 1925.
   Dersim became notorious in the history of the Republic of Turkey for the third and final major Kurdish uprising before World War II. Led by the septuagenarian Alevi cleric Sayyid Riza, the Dersim revolt lasted from 1936 to 1938 and was defeated only with the utmost scorched earth tactics. The name Dersim was then changed to Tunceli to help wipe out the memory.
   However, the province again played an important role in the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) uprising during the 1980s and 1990s. "Dr. Baran" (Muslum Durgun) led the PKK forces in the province until his reported suicide in 1994. Some believe that Dr. Baran was executed on orders of the PKK leader Abdullah (Apo) Ocalan for "passivism" — that is, failing to launch attacks on Turkish targets. His eventual successor was Semdin Sakik (Parmaksiz Zeki), who also had a falling out with Ocalan in 1998.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dersim — Tunceli Nummer der Provinz: 62 Landkreise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dersim — Tunceli (province) Tunceli Dêrsîm Districts de la province de Tunceli Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dersim Rebellion — of 1937/1938 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Sabiha Gökçen (November 17, 1937, in front of the Pertek People s House) …   Wikipedia

  • Dersim Massacre — Dersim in 1937 Dersim Massacre[1] is a name given to the violent suppression during the Dersim Rebellion in the summer of 1937 and the spring of 1938 of the local population of Dersim, now called Tunceli Province (in Turkey). Tens of thousands of …   Wikipedia

  • Dersim'de Doğan Güneş — is a Turkish guerrilla song. The song is composed by Grup Yorum after a tape is send to Kalan Müzik by guerrillas. The tape had parts of the song recorded. The guerrillas were dead after a gunfight between the Turkish soldiers and Dev Sol… …   Wikipedia

  • Dersim Aladin Hotel — (Дидим,Турция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Camlik Mahallesi, 405 Sokak No 26 , 0927 …   Каталог отелей

  • Dersim-Aufstand — Provinz Dersim 1937 Der Dersim Aufstand war nach der Niederschlagung des Scheich Said Aufstands der letzte große Kurdenaufstand in der Türkei. Er ereignete sich 1937/38 in der Region, die in etwa der heutigen Provinz Tunceli entspricht, und wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dersim rebellion — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Dersim Rebellion caption= date=March 1937 November 1937, April 1938 December 1938 place=Tunceli Province result=Rebel leaders were captured. combatant1=Republic of Turkey combatant2=Seyid Riza commander1=… …   Wikipedia

  • Massacre de Dersim — Mustafa Kemal Atatürk et Sabiha Gökçen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aşiret — Mit dem Aşiret gibt es bei den Kurden wie bei anderen Völkern des Nahen Ostens traditionell Stämme. Die Wörter Eşîr, Hoz oder Êl sind synonym. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Struktur 2 Gesellschaftliche Einordnung 3 Scheich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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